You are required to read and agree to the below before accessing a full-text version of an article in the IDE article repository.

The full-text document you are about to access is subject to national and international copyright laws. In most cases (but not necessarily all) the consequence is that personal use is allowed given that the copyright owner is duly acknowledged and respected. All other use (typically) require an explicit permission (often in writing) by the copyright owner.

For the reports in this repository we specifically note that

  • the use of articles under IEEE copyright is governed by the IEEE copyright policy (available at

  • the use of articles under ACM copyright is governed by the ACM copyright policy (available at

  • technical reports and other articles issued by M‰lardalen University is free for personal use. For other use, the explicit consent of the authors is required

  • in other cases, please contact the copyright owner for detailed information

By accepting I agree to acknowledge and respect the rights of the copyright owner of the document I am about to access.

If you are in doubt, feel free to contact

A Multilevel Modelling Framework for Quarry Site Operations


Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


12th ACM/IEEE International Workshop on Software Engineering for Systems-of-Systems and Software Ecosystems


Quarry sites are complex systems that involve several heavy machines, equipment, people, and management systems working together in an unstructured off-road environment. Gaining accurate insights about these sites requires integrating models at various levels to enable a holistic view of the systems and processes involved and facilitate effective planning, coordination, and decision-making. In this paper, a multi-level modeling framework is proposed to provide an overall structure for the modeling of quarry sites. The motivation for this framework is drawn from insights gained through a large manufacturing company in the heavy-duty vehicle industry, providing a practical perspective on the modeling approach. The framework integrates models of different operations on site enabling effective simulation and optimization and leading to a better understanding of the workflow on site and pointing out any possible bottlenecks. The feasibility of the proposed framework was validated through workshops that included a panel of experts in different areas of the field of off-road machinery production company.


author = {Abdulkarim Habbab and Anas Fattouh and Bobbie Frank and Elianne Lindmark and Koteshwar Chirumalla and Markus Bohlin},
title = {A Multilevel Modelling Framework for Quarry Site Operations},
month = {April},
year = {2024},
booktitle = {12th ACM/IEEE International Workshop on Software Engineering for Systems-of-Systems and Software Ecosystems},
url = {}