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Empirical investigation of manufacturing industry, in Procedia Manufacturing

Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


14th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing - CIRP


Improving material efficiency contributes to reduce the volume of industrial waste as well as resource consumption. However, less has been published addressing on what to measure for material efficiency in a manufacturing company. This paper presents the current practice of material efficiency performance indicators in a manufacturing context through a bottom-up approach. In addition to literature review, the empirical data was collected via a multiple case study at seven global manufacturing companies located in Sweden. The results show that existing material efficiency indicators are limited and are mainly measured as a cost or quality parameter rather than environment. The limited number of measurements relates to the fact that material efficiency is not considered as a central business in manufacturing companies and is managed by environmental department with limited correlation to operation. Additionally, these measurements do not aim to reduce waste volume or improve homogeneity of generated waste.


author = {Sasha Shahbazi and Martin Kurdve and Magnus Wiktorsson and Mohammed Salloum},
title = {Empirical investigation of manufacturing industry, in Procedia Manufacturing},
booktitle = {14th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing - CIRP},
url = {}