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Automation constraints in human–industrial robot collaborative workstation design

Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


Swedish Production Symposium 2016


Human–industrial robot collaboration (HIRC) aims to combine desired characteristics of humans and industrial robots – the flexibility, intelligence and tactile sense of humans, and the strength, repeatability and accuracy of robots. A newly developed demonstration software enables simulation, design, verification, optimisation and visualisation of HIRC workstations. Two parameters, operation time and biomechanical load, are measured as quantitative outputs. These parameters favour fully automatic workstations since industrial robots move faster than humans without biomechanical restrictions. However, there exist limitations in the automation possibilities in workstation design. The aim of this paper is to define automation constraints and include them in the task allocation process of HIRC workstations. This will give a more accurate process in task allocation between humans and industrial robots in a HIRC workstation design problem. Three previously performed simulations of industrial HIRC cases from a heavy vehicle manufacturer are used as a basis in order to identify automation constraints in the task allocation process. Four criteria that limit automation possibilities are identified, human cooperation, dual operation, manual quality control and inaccurate positioning of objects. These constraints are included in the work method of task allocations in HIRC workstation design.


author = {Fredrik Ore and Lars Hanson and Magnus Wiktorsson and Yvonne Eriksson},
title = {Automation constraints in human–industrial robot collaborative workstation design},
month = {October},
year = {2016},
booktitle = {Swedish Production Symposium 2016},
url = {}