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The Third Wave of Automation: Critical Factors for Industrial Digitization


Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


Swedish Production Symposium 2014


The scope of industrial automation is shifting into a third wave of automation based on extreme information availability, cyber-physical systems and data analytics. This paper present critical factors and way forward for the development of the Swedish industrial automation sector, both users and suppliers. Based on literature and practice studies, and a survey including some 40 respondents, ten factors for realising the third wave of automation was identified with four key factors: Technology, Processes, Business models and Competence. Finally, initial steps on a way forward are proposed for the development of Swedish automation industry and research.


author = {{\"O}rjan Larsson and Magnus Wiktorsson and Stefan Cedergren},
title = {The Third Wave of Automation: Critical Factors for Industrial Digitization},
month = {September},
year = {2014},
booktitle = {Swedish Production Symposium 2014},
url = {}