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Improvements in vain - the 9th waste

Publication Type:

Conference/Workshop Paper


Swedish Production Symposium 2014


Eliminating waste in processes through problem solving and continous improvements is one of the main ambitions in Lean. However, as the paper will elaborate on, improvement attempts itself are in many cases waste. In worst case they can create continuous waste in processes as a result. The purpose of this paper is to exemplify, discuss, and elaborate on the concept of improvements in vain. The paper is built on reasoning from industrial experience.


author = {Marcus Bengtsson and Christer Osterman},
title = {Improvements in vain - the 9th waste},
isbn = {978-91-980974-1-2},
editor = {Johan Stahre, Bj{\"o}rn Johansson, and Mats Bj{\"o}rkman },
month = {September},
year = {2014},
booktitle = {Swedish Production Symposium 2014},
url = {}